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The Council of Europe Annual Penal Statistics, better known as SPACE (Statistiques Pénales Annuelles du Conseil de l’Europe), include two related projects. SPACE I provides data on imprisonment and penal institutions in Council of Europe Member States. Information on non-custodial sanctions and measures are collected under the project SPACE II.
Data are collected by means of two questionnaires sent every year to the Penitentiary administrations and to the Probation authorities (or equivalent bodies of the Ministries of Justice).
Data collection and validation, which involve a multilevel counterchecking of figures, are undertaken at the University of Lausanne. Nowadays, the scientific staff working in SPACE projects is composed by :
Marcelo F. Aebi, PhD Criminology, Professor
Julien Chopin, PhD Criminology
Melanie M. Tiago, BA & MLaw Criminology
Christine Burkhardt, BA Law, MLaw Criminology
The SPACE projects have become part of an extensive European network. In each country, national correspondents are highly qualified staff employed at the National and/or regional administrations. Permanent contacts and exchanges with them are enriched by the collaboration with many international bodies (e.g. UNODC, International Centre for Prison Studies, EMCDDA, CEP)
Main Figures on 1st January 2018 are available here.
SPACE I and SPACE II 2016 reports are available online.
The SPACE I 2016 Report is available here and the SPACE II 2016 Report can be accessed here.
An updated version of the report has been published and can be accessed here.
SPACE I and SPACE II 2015 reports are available online.
The SPACE I 2015 Report is available here and the SPACE II 2015 Report can be accessed here.
Main Figures on 1st January 2016 are available here.
SPACE I and SPACE II 2014 reports are now available online.
The SPACE I 2014 annual report is available here and the SPACE II 2014 can be accessed here.
SPACE I and SPACE II 2013 are now available online. The SPACE I 2013 report is available here and SPACE II 2013 here. Moreover, the SPACE team has prepared a short Executive Summary of the SPACE I 2013 results (available in English and French, that can be accessed here).
Prison Indicators on 1st January 2014 (last update: 10 October 2014 [Prison Population rates per 100,000 inhabitants added]) are available here.
Prison Indicators for 2014 are available here.
Probation and CSM indicators will be available soon…
The 19th Council of Europe Conference of Directors of Prison and Probation Services was held on 17 and 18 June 2014 in Helsinki, Finland. More information: here