Applied Research

In the IUCN-UNIL partnership, we regularly collaborate on research.  This includes mentoring students on research projects, writing project proposals together, and having IUCN staff as associated researchers.

Biodiversity Flows

25 October 2023

Meet the “Biodiversity Flows” project team, a UNIL-IUCN collaboration. Watch their interviews on Here!

UNIL-IUCN Internship

10 November 2023 – Written by Max Müller

My time at IUCN was marked by continuous learning. I had the privilege of contributing to the early stages of the “Sports for Nature” campaign and collaborating with the dedicated “Geoheritage” team. During my tenure at IUCN, my primary focus was on developing stakeholder engagement strategies for the “Sports For Nature” campaign.

My daily responsibilities included attending team meetings, engaging with partners, and interacting with IUCN members. This exposure significantly broadened my perspective on the various approaches to nature conservation, whether at the international, national, or local level. The extensive network of IUCN members allowed me to gain insights into different aspects of nature conservation efforts at various scales.

“What I appreciated the most was the inclusive and supportive atmosphere within the team, where I was considered a full-fledged member from the very beginning.”

This task was both engaging and research-intensive, requiring me to draw from best practices and my prior experiences in the world of sports while integrating these diverse forms of knowledge through creative thought processes. Working on a program in its early stages made it particularly challenging and stimulating.

During my two-month tenure at IUCN, I acquired a wide range of skills and knowledge. I not only gained a deeper understanding of nature conservation but also developed essential skills in teamwork, time management, communication improvement (whether during meetings or calls), and collaboration with IUCN partners. I expanded my understanding of the current state of nature conservation and the complexities of private partnerships and institutional processes.

I would like to express my gratitude to my colleagues, Emmanuel and Leigh-Ann, for their unwavering assistance and positive attitude throughout, regardless of how stressful impending deadlines may have been. Their enthusiasm for the program was relentless and truly infectious.

The internship was made possible by the collaborative partnership between IUCN and UNIL.

Unblocking the flow of biodiversity data for multi-stakeholder environmental sustainability management

30 March 2022

This exciting cross-disciplinary, multi-stakeholder collaborative project aims to unblock the flow of biodiversity data for natural resource managers in the public and private sectors to enhance biodiversity conservation.

Co-ordinated by Dr Luca Fumagalli and Dr PJ Stephenson, and funded by the Swiss Network for International Studies.

Biodiversity is under threat

Species populations are declining, species conservation status is worsening, and more and more organisms are going extinct. Species communities are also being disrupted by climate change. This biodiversity crisis jeopardises the ecosystems we all depend on.

Biodiversity is declining and species communities are changing due to anthropogenic threats. However, decision makers often do not have the data they need for effective conservation management. 

The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity is essential for the wellbeing of people and nature. Governments, businesses and conservation organisations therefore need up-to-date information to manage and protect animals, plants, fungi and their habitats. Key data needed include indicators such as the abundance and distribution of species and the scale of the threats they face, as well as conservation status. We also need data to understand the progress of conservation projects and business mitigation measures. However, data on biodiversity are often difficult to collect or access and are rarely available in formats that allow them to be understood easily and acted upon. This manifests itself in different ways, such as weak planning and poor reporting. 

A number of challenges prevent the use of biodiversity data in decision-making. These include a lack of capacity and tools for identifying indicators and collecting, analysing and interpreting data. Advances in technological tools, such as remote sensing and environmental DNA have also left many actors behind. Biodiversity monitoring schemes and databases have taxonomic and geographic biases and data access limitations and many institutions fail to follow data management best practices. Therefore, many stakeholders, from government departments to businesses, struggle to identify appropriate indicators for monitoring biodiversity, sources of existing data they can use, and the relevant monitoring tools for collecting their own.

This multi-disciplinary, collaborative project will therefore bring together experts from conservation biology and business sustainability to explore biodiversity data user needs across sectors and identify the reasons behind blockages to data flow and access, thereby helping us develop solutions. 

The project is led by UNIL with the main implementing partners being the University of St Gallen, the Centre for African Wetlands in the University of Ghana and the Humboldt Biological Resources Research Institute in Colombia. It also represents a collaboration with the IUCN SSC Species Monitoring Specialist Group, as well as the Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network – GEOBON. We will also work with a wide range of research institutions, government agencies, international organizations, NGOs and companies.

Our project goal

To assess the biodiversity data needs of international organizations, governments, civil society and business, to understand blockages to data flow and capacity development, and to produce solutions that facilitate monitoring and informed decision-making for conservation and sustainability. The findings of this study will have broad policy implications by helping stakeholders monitor and report on their contributions to the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Sustainable Development Goals, as well as multilateral environment agreement commitments (e.g. Convention on Migratory Species; Convention on Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora).

The project will therefore strive to bring together the empirical and theoretical perspectives on biodiversity data access and use and find solutions linked to user needs and policies. 

Two short videos of PJ explaining the project are available on the Donor’s Website.

For further information contact Dr PJ Stephenson at

Biodiversity restoration: local projects under scrutiny

14 March 2022

This wetland ecosystem in Salojenneva (Finland) has been rewilded by project partner SnowChange Cooperative. (credit: Mika Honkalinna, Snowchange Cooperative)

This Spring (2022), a new collaborative applied research project will start, focusing on the interface between community led restoration and international policy, with a focus on Europe. Jenny Kelleher of IUCN, Gretchen Walters and Olivier Hymas of UNIL are the project co-leaders along with colleagues from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and the Snowchange Cooperative (Finland). You can read more about the project in English or en français.”