Research

Adam Mickiewicz University

The Youth as the Clients of Career Guidance: Selected Studies of Polish Adolescents
(Magdalena Piorunek) The Youth as the Clients of Career Guidance: Selected Studies of Polish Adolescents , “The New Educational Review” 2006/2; This study attempts to find an answer to a question of how adolescents handle their educational and vocational career planning process in the context of cultural and economic transformations. It be-comes particularly important to know how to knowingly shape one’s own vocational biography in the market environment characterized by competitiveness and high unemployment rate. A diagnostic questionnaire method was applied in the research. A statistical analysis of the research results demonstrated three groups of young people that handle their career planning in diverse ways: one applying perspective strategies, one preferring strategies that focus on the present only and one group including persons who gave up their planning of the future either following a conscious choice or due to practical helplessness. Each group requires different forms of counselling and educational support in shaping their vocation-al biographies and has different requirements towards vocational counselling. The counselling activities, as demonstrated by the research results, require increasingly more psycho- and educational skills, significantly exceeding a narrowly defined professional orientation.

Educational and professional choices of junior high school students in the context of the current needs of the labor market
(Joanna Kozielska) Wybory edukacyjno-zawodowe młodzieży gimnazjalnej w kontekście aktualnych potrzeb rynku pracy, (Educational and professional choices of junior high school students in the context of the current needs of the labor market) Rocznik Lubuski 44/2018: The text illustrates selected conclusions from a four-module research project conducted in one of Wielkopolska counties, i.e. Gniezno county. The main aim of the article is to present educational and vocational choices of junior high school youth in the context of the situation on the local labour market. The authors reveal weaknesses in vocational counselling and in the condition of vocational education. Attention was also paid to the depreciated in the eyes of society vocational education (since the school year 2017/2018 industry education). Considering labour market realities in counties, such education seems to be a rational choice, not closing the path to universities. Problems of vocational education and discussions over it constitute an additional element of the paper. The topic taken up in this text falls within the scope of social sciences, pedagogy

Catholic University of the West

« Vocational Training of Malagasy Guidance Counselors »
PIPOM III (Promotion de l’Insertion Professionnelle et de l’Orientation à Madagascar), Francophonie University Association (A.U.F. Indian Ocean) & UCO-Angers (France), Service SOI : « Vocational Training of Malagasy Guidance Counselors ». January 14.-25., 2019

Symposium “Decent work”
Cocandeau-Bellanger, L. ; Egido, A. : Disquay-Perot, S. “French emerging adults, qualified or without degree, in vulnerability situations: life-design, relationship to work and occupational integration” in Symposium “Relationship to work of emerging adults in precarious situations: gender and intersectionality” dir. Valérie COHEN-SCALI, Guobjörg T. VILHJALMSDOTTIR, Jacques POUYAUD, UNESCO-UNITWIN Network – European Congress of Psychology (ECP, Moscou, July 2019).

Hong Kong Baptist University

Career and life adventure planning for youth-at-risk in community settings (CLAP)
CLAP, undertaken at HKBU is funded by the Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust. CLAP has benefited more than 9,700 youth-at-risk aged 15-21, which is about one tenth of NEET youth in Hong Kong. CLAP has generated impact not only on clientele level, but also on professional capacity building level regarding training up more than 1,800 social workers/youth workers with a package of 15-hours and more than 350 practitioners with a 28-hour package. A link to resources for career practitioners from CLAP: https://www.clapforyouth.org.hk/resources/good-practice-manual-for-social-workers

A study of the role of collective psychological ownership in the relationship between work conditions and workplace well-being among young adult social workers
This study is funded by the Research Grant Council of Hong Kong. The research focus is to examine work conditions and psychological factors which may lead to a positive state of workplace well-being such as work engagement and negative states such as burnout and health problems among young adult social workers aged 21-29 in four Chinese cities: Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Hong Kong.

Le Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (Cnam)

The representations of work of young workers with low qualifications
A first research project explores the representations of work of young workers with low qualifications. This research aims to develop knowledge related to the perception young workers have of their work situations and their future, of their perception of decent work, in relation with their past school and career path. This qualitative research is presented in symposia organized by the Unitwin Network (at the International Congress of Applied Psychology, Montreal 2018, European Congress of Psychology, Moscow 2019). This research is conducted with an intercultural perspective allowing to compare the situation of these young workers both in Northern and Southern Countries since several Unitwin partners participate in this research.

The development of career interventions in a perspective of life design
A second set of research relates to the development of career interventions in a perspective of life design. The Cnam team intends to develop career education interventions based on a socio-ecological perspective. Carried out in a classroom or training group contexts, these interventions aim to facilitate collective and individual reflection about career design and social participation. These interventions are based on ecological social categories related to individuals daily activities and life. These interventions can be combined with individual counseling interventions. Several experiments are developed  and assessed with different populations and different parts of the country.

Laval University

Developing and validating a relationship-to-work questionnaire: international research
(Développement et validation d’un questionnaire sur le rapport au travail : une recherche internationale)
Team : Fournier, G., Goyer, L., Masdonati, J., Viviers, S., Lachance, L., Monette, M.

Relationships-to-work in the contemporary world: transformative research and interventions
(Rapports au travail dans le monde contemporain : recherches et interventions à visées transformatives)
Team : Viviers, S., Bourassa, B., Chamberland, M., Dionne, P., Fournier, G., Le Bossé, Y., Poirel, E. et St-Arnaud, L.

Lesley University

Life Design Interventions in Conflict Contexts (Meenakshi Chhabra)
This research project draws on the researcher’s two decades of field work with educators living and working in protracted conflict contexts. It argues for a framing of Life Design as a Human Right. From a Human Right’s perspective, everyone irrespective of their identity and context, has the right to be offered opportunities for growth, development, and well-being. For those living in conflict zones and as refugees, this is not the case. The research project seeks to bring a Human Rights lens to develop a culturally sensitive and sustainable model of Life Design guidance and support for those working in conflict areas.

Rural Emerging Adults Without Secondary School Credential: Perceptions of Decent Work and Future Aspiration (Donna San Antonio and Janet Kaplan-Bucciarelli)
We have joined this international research project to conduct in-depth interviews with 20-25-year-olds, who are working but do not have a high school diploma.  The objective of this research is to better understand the social, psychological, developmental, and practical implications of working situations of emerging adults in different parts of the world, comparing high-, middle-, and low-income contexts.  In the US, low-income rural youth represent an understudied group of emerging adults with precarious work lives and few future options. As part of this research project, we share our findings and work collaboratively with employers and with school districts in the region to improve opportunities for decent work, life course counseling, career choices, access, and high school completion.  A Special Issue of Emerging Adulthood is underway as part of this project.

University of Bordeaux

Jacques Pouyaud – University of Bordeaux
Victor Wong & Toby, C. Yip – Hong Kong Baptist University

Life Design and the Extended Notion of Work (ENOW)
This project comes from two contributions by the University of Bordeaux and the Hong Kong Baptist University to the two books published by Hooley, Sultana and Thomsen (see News in this website) about career guidance and social justice. In these two chapters, Pouyaud & Guichard deal with the question of “How to Lead an Active Life Whilst Contributing to Sustainable and Equitable Development” while Wong & Yip present their model of “Expanded Notion of Work” (ENOW) as a Proactive Response to the Social Justice Issues in Career Development Practice”. The main idea is to redefine the notion of work (paid, non-paid work experience, decent and human work) in order to build new career guidance interventions that can help face the new challenges of current society (resources inequality, uncertainty, discriminations…). We argue that current career education may move to an education for active lives that promote equitable and sustainable development through decent and humane work, and that the design of counselling interventions, whether for individuals or collectives, need to help establish viable systems for organising work, based on the principle of ecological subsidiarity. The ENOW perspective proposed by Wong and Yip used in the Career and Life Adventure Planning (CLAP) for YOUTH project with disadvantaged young people not in Education, Employment or Training or at risk of becoming NEET – which is generously funded by The Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust as the No.1 charity donor in Hong Kong – is a good example of such new type of intervention. Indeed, the ENOW model facilitates young people’s social inclusion through a dynamic transition and transformation based upon the capabilities of the clients and developed through a mix of paid and unpaid work experience. The collaborative project between Bordeaux and Hong Kong is to integrate these new perspectives and challenge into training programs informed by the ENOW-VASK framework where we can reflect on and develop our Values, Attitudes, Skills and Knowledge from our expanded notion of work experience is already integrated into the master degree courses in Bordeaux, and to develop joint researches linking the life design perspective and the ENOW-VASK framework. The collaborative project between Bordeaux and Hong Kong is to integrate these new perspectives and challenge into training programs informed by the ENOW-VASK framework where we can reflect on and develop our Values, Attitudes, Skills and Knowledge. The expanded notion of work experience is already integrated into the master degree courses in Bordeaux. The collaboration is also to develop joint researches linking the life design perspective and the ENOW-VASK framework.

University of Buenos Aires

Decent Work conceptions and its relationship with the construction of future anticipations in workers: an international comparative research.
Gabriela Aisenson; Leandro Legaspi; Viviana Valenzuela;  Diana Aisenson; Claudia Jacinto; Verónica Milenaar;  Natalia Virgili; Lourdes Moulia; Violeta Vicente Miguelez;  Renée Czerniuk; Gerardo Larriba; Elisa Gómez
This project is framed in two international studies that address the link between people and work. One of them is a quantitative study that focuses on how decent work is conceptualized and understood in different countries. The other is a qualitative study that focuses on understanding the way in which young workers, in situations of social vulnerability, perceive their work, anticipate their future and interpret their situations of precarious work.
Key words: Decent work – Future anticipations – Career and life design interventions

Youth attending Music Orchestras: identity and future project construction
Viviana Valenzuela; María Eduarda Duarte; Gabriela Aisenson
This project aims to identify some subjective processes involved in the identity and construction of future projects of the participants of a musical orchestra. The central questions are for the meanings that these experiences have, the ways in which they are integrated into the paths of life and the participation they have in the construction of decent lives and future anticipations.
Keywords: school orchestra – identity construction – life projects -Young people – vocational guidance – psychology

University of Florence

Psychology of Sustainability and Sustainable Development
Names of the people involved: Maureen Kenny (Boston College, Boston, USA), Jean-Luc Bernaud (CNAM-INETOP, Paris, France), Donald Saklofske (University of Western Ontario, Canada)
The psychological analysis of sustainability and sustainable development (Di Fabio, 2017a; 2017b; 2018) is a new research area that focuses on a trans-disciplinary perspective of the broader field of Sustainability. It examines research contributions from psychology of natural, personal, social, organizational, community, cross-cultural and global environments and the relationship and impact they have on individuals and groups, including their well-being and quality of life. Career counseling psychologists have much to contribute to understanding and creating  positive environments that will in turn, contribute to promoting and sustaining the positive and healthy development of individuals, groups, and larger collections of people”.

University of Eastern Finland

Project members at the Career Counselling Unit of the School of Educational Sciences and Psychology
Research at the Career Counselling Unit approaches careers and career guidance and counselling from a multidisciplinary perspective and as lifelong phenomena. Some of our research foci are:

  • the diversity of individuals’ study and career paths, and how these are informed by intersecting social and cultural differences and structural dimensions of inequality, e.g. gender and ethnicity;
  • career guidance and counselling practices and methods as well as practitioners’ experiences in various contexts of lifelong guidance, including secondary, upper secondary, vocational and higher education as well as working life.

Currently, we host or act as partners in research and development projects focused on the career support in upper secondary education (“Directions for the High School Track”) and on work life pedagogies and guidance in higher education (“Work-integrated Pedagogy in Higher Education”).

University of Iceland

The Making of a Profession
Dr. Vilhjálmsdóttir has been researching the history of guidance in Iceland. A chapter called The Making of a Profession will be published in 2019 in a book on guidance in the Nordic countries (edited by Hooley, Hagaseth Haug and Thomsen). In this study on the history of guidance an hypothesis is put forward on the necessary premisses to the professionalisation in guidance. Four premisses are needed and they need to be well functioning. Namely, professional association of guidance, education and research in this field, policy and legislation and finally co-operation with foreign colleagues and researchers.

Innovating career construction with expatriates on their return to the home country
Another research topic of interest is the career construction of adult third culture kids. A chapter called “Innovating career construction with expatriates on their return to the home country“ will be published in 2019 in a book edited by dr. Kobus Maree titled Innovating career counselling theory, research, and practice – Promoting inclusion and sustainable employment for all. A third culture kid (TCK) or an adult third culture kid (ATCK) is brought up in a culture different from the culture of the parents. When a third culture kid or expatriates return to their homeland many things have changed and they might not speak their native language properly. Career construction theory is used to help create new career paths in their native land. Case study results from two interventions using the CCI are reported and analyzed with a literary method called semiotic analysis.

University of Lausanne

LIVES
The Professional Paths Study is a longitudinal study financed by the Swiss National Science Foundation and conducted within the National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES. It started in 2011 and runs until the end of 2021. Co-directed by Prof. Jérôme Rossier (University of Lausanne) and Prof. Willibald Ruch (University of Zurich), this project is a fruitful collaboration between an interdisciplinary team of researchers from the two universities and aims at analyzing the impact of personal resources, working conditions, and wider psychosocial environment on career-related outcomes and well-being. It also has a goal of unraveling psychological mechanisms and contextual contingencies that may determine the way in which both employed and unemployed people counteract occupational vulnerabilities. To this end, the study employs diverse methodological approaches that allow for making an insight into different aspects of career development and optimal functioning at work. First, it uses longitudinal data from a 7-year follow up study based on a representative sample of the French- and German-speaking Swiss working population. In addition, in its current phase, the study employs the life calendar and diary (or experience sampling) methods to delve into more dynamic aspects of employee well-being.

Adapting and strengthening educational guidance and career counseling to promote decent work in two West African countries: Burkina Faso and Togo
Educational and vocational guidance is clearly underdeveloped in West African countries like Burkina Faso and Togo. Burkina Faso belongs to the top ten countries with the youngest population, and more than 60% of the population in Togo is less than 25 years old. These countries are characterized by a large informal sector. Moreover, the professional integration of young people in the labor market is currently critical. According to OECD, youth employment challenges have been underestimated in these countries and appropriate educational guidance and career counseling interventions will be needed to overcome these issues. Such interventions may also include entrepreneurship training, as suggested by international organizations. This project focuses on options for young adults preparing for a school-to-work transition and for adults managing career transitions in Burkina Faso and Togo. The objective is to develop adapted educational guidance and career counseling interventions, and entrepreneurship training for both countries populations. Four Universities are involved in this project: University of Ouagadougou 1 Pr. Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso; University Norbert Zongo, Burkina Faso; University of Lomé, Togo; and University of Lausanne, Switzerland.

University of Malta

Career guidance with migrants and refugees
The integration of newly-arrived persons into host country labour markets represents one of the most challenging tasks facing many societies today. Andreas Fejes (Stockholm University) Manon Chamberlain (Université Laval) and Ronald G. Sultana (University of Malta) are co-editing a special issue of the International Journal of Educational and Vocational Guidance exploring the guidance profession’s response to the challenge internationally.

Career guidance for social justice
It is an on-going attempt by Tristram Hooley (Derby University), Rie Thomsen (Aarhus University) and Ronald G. Sultana (University of Malta) to bring sociological perspectives to bear on career guidance theory and practice, so as to further the social justice agenda. The project has led to two books – Career Guidance for Social Justice (2018) and Career Guidance for Emancipation (2019), both published by Routledge. The team is now trying to identify the ways in which career guidance practitioners attempt to enact social justice in their everyday work.

University of Mons

GOAL tools
Our team develops various educational and pedagogical tools for local educational actors and counsellors. Tools range from pedagogical scenarios to online media content that are ready to use and to implement in class with the pupils of secondary schools and eventually in the last years of elementary school.

Framework for orientation skills development
Currently, our team is developing a conceptual framework to target, follow-up and assess the development of orientation skills in the 21st century, as well as relevant education tools that can be used by pupils as well as educational actors to monitor their development and identify their educational needs in orientation.

University of Padova

Stay passionate, courageous, inclusive, sustainable, etc.
The project is based on the values of Agenda 2030 recently proposed by ONU and its invitation to reflect on some scenarios and emergencies that the future will present to new generations. It aimed at stimulating adolescents to think to their future wondering their contribution, through training and work, to the achievement, by 2030, of at least some of the 17 goals that the ONU has proposed to the world. Specifically, the project involves several assessment instruments and career interventions and stimulate adolescents to reflect on the goals to be pursued for their future, to the commitments to be undertaken, to skills that need to be developed, to conditions to be stimulated, to the opportunities to be discovered with curiosity, etc.

Life design and people with vulnerability
Based on Life Design paradigm, the aim of this project is to adapt and validate assessment instruments and career counseling interventions for individuals with vulnerabilities (e.g., individuals with disability, experience substance abuse and immigrants), who are at risk for the process of career construction. Specifically, the project is aimed at fostering a series of resources useful to cope with career transitions, to encourage reflection on the future, to identify one’s own strengths, and to plan future projects.

University of Pretoria

Collaborative integration of stories and scores in group career counselling with first-year applicants from previously disadvantaged communities: The JuniorTukkie Project

Team:
Dr Petrus Lombard
Project Manager: JuniorTukkie Project
Dr Pieter Clase : Senior Assistant Director: Recruitment at University of Pretoria
Kobus Maree: Lead researcher

Integrative group career construction counselling provides the theoretical and conceptual background for the research. An integrative, non-experimental group design is used to gather data from a group of prospective young students at the University of Pretoria. The aim of the project is to investigate the effectiveness of participants’ scores, stages, and their life stories concurrently to promote participants’ career and self-construction and to increase the number of new first-year applicants from previously disadvantaged communities

A collaborative Integrative, group career construction counselling with unemployed school leavers in a seriously disadvantaged context

Team:
Ms Kate Groch: CEO Good Work Foundation
Ms Maureen Groch: Head, Leadership and Staff development: Good Work Foundation
Ms Mercyful Mathebula-Lekhuleni: Bridging Year Student and Career Support: Good Work Foundation
Ms Kathy Knott: Counselling Psychologist, Development Consultant to the Good Work Foundation
Kobus Maree: Lead researcher

Group career construction counselling (drawing on Career Construction Theory (CCT)) provides the interpretative lens for understanding and interpreting the data constructed in this project. A novel, mixed methods, non-experimental group design (using the Maree Career Matrix and the Career Interest Profile) is used to gather data. The aim of this collaboration is to investigate the effectiveness of integrative, qualitative + quantitative career construction counselling to promote unemployed school leavers’ (unemployed women in deep rural areas in particular) narratability, employability, and adaptability

University of São Paulo

Perception of decent work and the future among low qualified youths in northern and southern countries

UNITWIN project
By means of in-depth interviews, this study sought to understand and compare the perception of decent work and the future among low qualified youths in northern and southern countries through a thematic content analysis of their narratives grounded on Life design paradigm and Psychology of Working Theory. The interviews explore four aspects of the young person’s experience, connected to decent work:  perception of work in general, participants’ own current work, life narratives and current identity.

Contemporary forms of understanding and constructing careers in Brazil: The case of informal and/or low-skilled adult workers

Coordinator:
Marcelo Afonso Ribeiro (University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil)
Researchers:
Guilherme Fonçatti (University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil)
Paula Moraes Figueiredo (University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil)

The working world has become increasingly heterogeneous, flexible, and complex, something which has significantly changed careers. By means of a qualitative narrative approach based on social constructionism, this study sought to understand the patterns of career construction in contemporary times through content analysis of the narratives generated by a set of informal and low-skilled adult urban workers in São Paulo (Brazil) aged from 35 to 55, intentionally selected.