Urbanization has a significant impact on social and economic growth and prosperity. But predicting the pattern of urban evolution in the future is difficult. New research, however, reveals that the level of ethno-linguistic diversity is a significant predictor of how urbanization is likely to evolve in a region.
There has long been an association between politics and violence. Factional disagreements can often lead to prolonged violence. At the same time, there is apparent evidence that the prospect or reality of power sharing can reduce violence – as with the Good Friday agreement and paramilitaries in Northern Ireland, for example. At a time when factional violence, within a country or region, is evident in numerous parts of the world, research that examines how to prevent that violence is particularly relevant.
When we think about the consequences of war we tend to think about the immediate casualties, the lost lives and the injured. Yet war also has many debilitating long term economic effects, including some that make the prospects of further conflict and misery much more likely.