2014 & 2015

Data included in this table are regularly updated.

Country1.0. Total number of prisoners (including pre-trial detainees) 01.01.20142.0. Total capacity of penal institutions 01.01.2014Prison density per 100 places, 01.01.2014Prison Population Rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 01.01.20141.0. Total number of prisoners (including pre-trial detainees) 01.01.20152.0. Total capacity of penal institutions 01.01.2015Prison density per 100 places, 01.01.2015Prison Population Rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 01.01.2015
Albania5 4544 537120.2
188.35 8114 537128.1200.9
Andorra4514531.057.05314536.6
Armenia3 9234 39589.3130.03 8804 57684.8
Austria8 8628 63697.1104.28 6928 76093.5101.3
Azerbaijan
Belgium12 9459 715118.8115.513 29910 135131.1118.1
BH: BiH (Total)
BH: BiH (state level)172085.0
BH: Fed. BiH
BH: Rep. Srpska1 0031 38672.4
940140467.0
Bulgaria8 834NANA121.9
Croatia4 3653 771115.8102.83 7634 02293.689.1
Cyprus632479131.973.7526480109.662.1
Czech Republic16 65620 92879.6158.418 65820 02093.2177.0
Denmark3 7744 16090.7
67.13 5783 92591.2
Estonia3 0263 25093.1230.02 9213 03496.3222.4
Finland3 0113 08993.2
55.2
2 9743 08391.454.4
France77 88357 516116.6118.3
Georgia9 09321 39842.5202.510 37221 67847.8
Germany62 63276 55681.8
77.5
61 87275 79381.676.2
Greece12 6939 886128.4115.511 7989 886119.3108.7
Hungary17 84112 584141.8180.6
Iceland14716589.145.114116585.5
Ireland3 9874 27493.386.63 5464 12685.976.6
Italy62 53647 709143.1102.953 62349 635108.088.2
Latvia5 1397 97064.5256.84 7455 85281.1238.9
Liechtenstein72035.0
18.982040.021.4
Lithuania9 2619 39998.5314.6
8 6369 39991.9295.6
Luxembourg70171198.6127.565771192.4116.7
Malta61567591.1144.6
Moldova
Monaco23
7829.561.4287835.9
Montenegro1 0641 10096.7170.41 1931 100108.5191.8
Netherlands10 22412 49181.960.8
Norway3 5713 79394.169.93 6303 80095.570.3
Poland78 99487 31190.5205.277 87287 66188.8204.9
Portugal14 28412 167117.4
137.0
Romania33 43429 389113.8167.730 15628 901104.3151.8
Russian Federation
San Marino2825.0
Serbia10 0049 200108.7140.010 2889 340110.1144.6
Slovak Republic9 75211 30286.3180.110 02011 31888.5184.8
Slovenia1 4091 293109.068.41 4901 322112.772.2
Spain: Total66 78677 89585.7143.665 01777 20984.2143.1
Spain: State Adm.56 96866 86485.2
145.755 72365 98084.5
Spain: Catalonia9 81811 03189.0132.59 29411 22982.8
Sweden5 5256 56384.257.3
5 4006 49583.155.4
Switzerland7 0727 048100.386.96 9237 23595.784.0
the FYRO Macedonia2 9162 531115.2141.23 4592 531136.7167.2
Turkey136 147151 48789.9177.6158 537163 24997.1204.0
Ukraine73 431140 41952.3
UK: England and Wales84 16385 95397.984 69188 11696.1
UK: Northern Ireland1 8171 95393.01 7361 96688.3
UK: Scotland7 6857 523102.2
Mean
Median
Minimum
Maximum

Comments

Austria

For 2014:

The stock includes as well persons who are not held in prisons (i.e. persons under Electronic Monitoring). The number of inmates held in prisons is 8,384. Therefore the 478 persons not held in prisons were excluded from the calculation of the prison density per 100 places.

For 2015:

The stock includes as well persons who are not held in prisons (i.e. persons under Electronic Monitoring). The number of inmates held in prisons is 8,188. Therefore the 504 persons not held in prisons were excluded from the calculation of the prison density per 100 places.

 

Belgium

For 2014:

1. In the total stock are also included inmates held in federal institutions for young offenders, persons held in the psychiatric institution under the authority of prison administration, illegal aliens detained for administrative reasons and persons under electronic surveillance (1,408 SE). Are excluded inmates who were in leave permits at that time.

*1,408 persons under Electronic Monitoring were excluded from the calculation of the prison density.

2. In the total capacity are not included hospital units inside penal institutions. No specific capacity is foreseen for Electronic Monitoring inside penal institutions.

For 2015: (Provisional data)

The figures are on the 5th January 2015

1. In the total stock are also included inmates held in federal institutions for young offenders, persons held in the psychiatric institution under the authority of prison administration, illegal aliens detained for administrative reasons and persons under electronic surveillance (1,408 SE). Are excluded inmates who were in leave permits at that time.

2. In the total capacity are not included hospital units inside penal institutions. No specific capacity is foreseen for Electronic Monitoring inside penal institutions.

 

Bulgaria

For 2014:

Stock figure is on 31st December 2013.
The penitentiary system in Bulgaria consists mainly of two sections: investigative detention facilities and prisons. The total stock does not include pretrial detainees residing within the investigative detention facilities (IDFs).

Croatia

For 2014: Stock figure is on 31st December 2013

 

For 2015:

  • Stock figure is on 31st December 2014.
  • Total capacity includes: 1647 places on pre-trial institutions, 2127 places on institutions designed to serve a sentence, 126 places on prison hospitals and 122 places on institutions for juvenile offenders.

Cyprus

For 2014:
Only information on the Prison institution is included here (both: stock & capacity). Figures from Police stations are not accounted in this Table.

Czech Republic

For 2014:
Presidential Amnesty applied in 2013.

Finland

For 2014:
In the stock are included 133 prisoners under supervised probationary freedom. Therefore these 133 persons were excluded from the calculation of the prison density per 100 places.

For 2015: In the stock are included 157 prisoners under supervised probationary freedom. Therefore these 157 persons were excluded from the calculation of the prison density per 100 places.

France

For 2014:
In the stock are included 10,808 persons not held inside penal institutions (écroués non-détenus) under supervised freedom. Therefore these 10,808 persons were excluded from the calculation of the prison density per 100 places.

The total capacity is the operational capacity of the penal institutions.

Germany

For 2014:
Data relate to 30th November 2013 instead of 1st January 2014; data on 1st January 2014 is not available.

For 2015:
Data relate to 30th November 2014 instead of 1st January 2015.

Iceland

For 2015:
Prison Population only.

Italy

For 2014:
Stock and capacity data relate to 31st December 2013 instead of 1st January 2014.

Capacity:

  1. The figure concern the general capacity of the whole prison system. As a matter of fact, it is necessary to substract from that figure around 4,000 places temporarily unavailable due to ongoing building works or other types of restructuring works or reorganization.
  2. In Italy, the criteria adopted to calculate the surface to be put at the disposal of each inmate is the same criteria adopted for civilian housing, and namely: 9 square meters per each prisoner in a single cell, to which are added 5 further square meters per each further prisoner in multiple cells. (Ex: 1 inmate= 9 square meters; 2 inmates= 9+5 = 14 square meters; 3 inmates: 9+5+5 = 19 square meters, and so on).
  3. The prison density in the Table was calculated on the basis of usable capacity (total capacity – 4000 temporarily unavailable places = 43,709). If calculating on the total capacity, the density would have been 131.1 inmates/100 places.

For 2015: Stock and capacity data relate to 31st December 2014 instead of 1st January 2015.

Capacity:

  1. The figure concern the general capacity of the whole prison system. As a matter of fact, it is necessary to substract from that figure around 4,000 places temporarily unavailable due to ongoing building works or other types of restructuring works or reorganization.
  2. In Italy, the criteria adopted to calculate the surface to be put at the disposal of each inmate is the same criteria adopted for civilian housing, and namely: 9 square meters per each prisoner in a single cell, to which are added 5 further square meters per each further prisoner in multiple cells. (Ex: 1 inmate= 9 square meters; 2 inmates= 9+5 = 14 square meters; 3 inmates: 9+5+5 = 19 square meters, and so on).
  3. The prison density in the Table was calculated on the basis of usable capacity (total capacity – 4000 temporarily unavailable places = 43,709). If calculating on the total capacity, the density would have been 131.1 inmates/100 places.

Latvia

For 2014:
Data are on 31st December 2013 instead of 1st January 2014.

 

The Netherlands

For 2014:

1. In the total stock are NOT included: juvenile offenders, people in custodial clinics under a hospital order, and aliens held under detention and awaiting deportation to their home country.

2. Capacity: Includes places that the adult prisons section has rented from the section responsible for the detention of illegal aliens (444 places). The previous update (1st January 2013) did not include these places (428 places then).

 

Poland

For 2014:
The figures on the stock and on the capacity are on 31st December 2013.

For information: On 31st January 2014, there were 80 129 inmates in the stock.

For 2015: The figures on the stock and on the capacity are on 31st January 2015.

Portugal

For 2014:
In the total stock are included 139 persons not criminally responsible who were placed in psychiatric institutions or in non-penitentiary hospitals.

Spain (State Adm.)

The total capacity is the operational capacity of the penal institutions.

Spain (Catalonia)

The total operative capacity of the Catalan prisons is defined as the number of places existing in the cells of residential modules in each of the prisons. The number of places per cell varies depending on the structure, antiquity and classification of centers so that:

  • The centers built after 1989 have two places per cell;
  • The centers built in previous dates have three places per cell;
  • The Open Centers and Sections have 4 or 6 beds per room.

Switzerland

For 2014:
Day of reference: 4th september 2013.

For 2015:
Day of reference: 4th september 2014.

Ukraine

For 2015:

1. Figures on stock don’t not include detainees and pre-trial detainees held in penitentiary estanlishments on non-conrolled territory of Ukraine (Donesk and Lugansk Regions) .

2. Figures on the total capacity of penitentiary institutions include the capacity of penitentiary establishments on non-conrolled territory of Ukraine (Donesk and Lugansk Regions) .

UK: England and Wales

For 2014:

1. The stock figure refers to the 31st December 2013. This overall figure is published in Table 1.1 of Offender Management Statistics Quarterly (October-December 2013) Quarterly Tables. (https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/offender-management-statistics-quarterly-october-december-2013-and-annual).

2. Total Useable Operational Capacity at 27th December 2013. This overall figure is published in the weekly population bulletin for Friday 27th December 2013. (https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/prison-population-figures.

For 2015:

  1. The stock figure refers to the 31st December 2014. This overall figure is published in Prison Population table, Offender Management Statistics Quarterly (https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/offender-management-statistics-quarterly-april-to-june-2015).
  2. Total Useable Operational Capacity at 2nd January 2014

UK: Northern Ireland

For 2015: In the figures on stock and on capacity are included the 3 prisons of Northern Ireland plus the Juvenile Justice Centre.

UK: Scotland

For 2014:
Stock: Provisional management information obtained from the Scottish Prison Service administrative system for 1 January 2014. This figure is calculated on a slightly different basis from official statistics produced by Scottish Government and so will differ somewhat from published figures. Excludes prisoners on home detention curfew.

 

2 réflexions au sujet de « 2014 & 2015 »

  1. Natalia Delgrande Auteur de l’article

    Dear Giora Rahav,
    The figures you are looking for are available in the reports. The latest data for 2013 can be found here: http://www.unil.ch/space/space-i/annual-reports (click on “SPACE I 2013”).
    General figures on foreign inmates are available here: Table 4, 4.a and Part D (that is the annual module on foreign prisoners).
    Best regards,
    Natalia Delgrande

  2. Giora Rahav

    Question: Arethere statistics on the number of immigrants or foreign -born individuals in the prisons?

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