Prison stock on 1 January 2019

CountryTotal number of inmates (including pre-trial detainees) 01.01.2019Total capacity of penal institutions 01.01.2019Prison density per 100 places, 01.01.2019Prison Population Rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 01.01.2019
Albania5 3016 23685.0
Andorra4914533.8
Armenia2 2675 34642.4
Austria9 1638 83798.0
Azerbaijan
Belgium
BH: BiH (state level)
BH: BiH (Total)
BH: Fed. BiH
BH: Rep. Srpska7621 49850.9
Bulgaria7 5269 48579.3
Croatia3 2174 02280.0
Cyprus
Czech Republic21 58621 077102.4
Denmark3 4953 60796.9
Estonia2 3993 35571.5
Finland2 6482 97582.3
France70 05960 151116.1
Georgia
Germany
Greece10 6549 935105.2
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland3 9414 29891.7
Italy59 65550 581117.9
Latvia3 5225 28766.6
Liechtenstein122060.0
Lithuania6 4858 01181.0
Luxembourg
Malta
Moldova6 9906 735103.8
Monaco
Montenegro
Netherlands
North Macedonia2 3302 47693.0
Norway3 1903 88582.1
Poland
Portugal12 86712 93499.5
Romania20 77318 127114.6
Russian Federation563 166773 53272.8
San Marino21216.7
Serbia10 85210 307105.3
Slovak Republic10 29411 49989.5
Slovenia1 3671 339102.1
Spain (Total)58 88373 79480.0
Spain (State Administration)50 51664 23778.6
Spain (Catalonia)8 3679 55787.5
Sweden6 2106 43296.5
Switzerland
Turkey
UK: England & Wales82 23685 20096.5
UK: Northern Ireland1 4251 80379.0
UK: Scotland
Ukraine
Bulgaria
  • Total number of inmates: includes prisoners, pre-trial detainees, accused and defendants.
  • Capacity: calculated on the basis of 4 square meters per inmate.
Croatia
  • Data refer to 31 December 2018 instead of 1 January 2019.
  • Capacity: the figure includes 122 places for juvenile offenders and 126 places in prison hospital.
Estonia
  • Total number of inmates: In addition to the total number of inmates, there were 172 prisoners in police custody, 4 convicted and 168 pre-trail detainees.
  • Capacity: The total capacity includes 237 places in open-prisons. It does not include places in police stations.
Finland
  • Total number of inmates: the figure does not include persons in supervised probationary freedom (187 inmates).
Italy
  • The reference date is 31 December 2018 instead of 1 January 2019;
  • Capacity: The current regular capacity of penal establishments is calculated on the basis of a Decree of the Ministry of Health of 1975 relevant to civil houses; the parameters of said Ministerial Decree were wholly adopted by the Penitentiary Administration: in particular, the surface foreseen for a single room is 9 square meters, plus 5 square meters for each further bed in multiple cells.
Latvia
  • Capacity: The total capacity of penal institutions was reduced at the end of 2018 with the order of Minister of Justice.
Romania
  • Data on 2 January 2019 instead of 1 January 2019.
  • Capacity: figure calculated on the basis of 4 square meters per inmate.
Sweden
  • Total number of inmates: data on 1 october 2018 instead of 1 January 2019.
  • Total capacity: The figure is an average for October 2018.
UK: England & Wales
  • Data on 28 December 2018, instead of 1 January 2019.
  • Total number of inmates: figures available at https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/offender-management-statistics-quarterly-july-to-september-2018.
  • Capacity: Useable Operational Capacity of the estate is the sum of all establishments’ operational capacity less 2,000 places. This is known as the operating margin and reflects the constraints imposed by the need to provide separate accommodation for different classes of prisoner i.e. by sex, age, security category, conviction status, single cell risk assessment and also due to geographical distribution.
    Source, « Population bulletin: weekly 28 December 2018 »: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/prison-population-figures-2018.