Category Archives: adaptation

The parallel evolution in amniotes seen through the eye of functional nodal mutations

Introduction In this article the authors describe an evolutionary convergence in mammals, birds, and reptiles, based on genomic data from NCBI. The evolution of different species and lineages is due to mutations that can appear and accumulate in organisms over … Continue reading

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Evolution of Darwin’s finches and their beaks revealed by genome sequencing

Introduction Darwin’s finches from Galapagos and Cocos Island are classic example of young adaptive radiation, entirely intact because none of the species having become extinct as a result of human activity. They have diversified in beak sizes and shapes, feeding … Continue reading

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The genomic substrate for adaptive radiation in African cichlid fish

In African lakes, cichlid fishes are famous for large, diverse and replicated adaptive radiations. Nearly 1,500 new species of cichlid fish evolved in a few million years when environmentally determined opportunity for sexual selection and ecological niche expansion was met … Continue reading

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Evolution at two levels of gene expression in yeast

Protein abundances mainly determined by the balance of transcriptional and translational regulation. Because of the limited technology for the translational research, however, gene expression evolution was based almost entirely on studies of transcriptional regulation. With the quickly development of ribosome profiling–isolating and … Continue reading

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The African Genome Variation Project shapes medical genetics in Africa.

Despite being the world’s most genetically diverse continent, only a handful of studies attempted to understand the genetic risks for diseases of the African populations. This study shines light not only on the genetic diversity to help learn more … Continue reading

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Stick Insect Genomes Reveal Natural Selection’s Role in Parallel Speciation

Parallel evolution provides evidence for evolution by natural selection and can cause repeated divergence at specific genes. The parallel evolution of phenotypic traits under similar environmental pressures was estimated to cover almost half of same genomic regions. However, the genomic … Continue reading

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Electrogenic fish – what’s in charge of the charge?

Electric organs – organs that are capable of creating and discharging electricity – have evolved independently in at least six different lineages of fish (Torpediniformes, Rajiformes, Mormyroidea, Euteleostei, Siluriformes, Gymnotiformes) and play an important role in communication, navigation, defense and … Continue reading

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Population Genomics Reveal Recent Speciation and Rapid Evolutionary Adaptation in Polar Bears

The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is a carnivorous species which is closely related to the brown bear (Ursus arctos) and is adapted to the severe living conditions of the High Arctic due to the great physiological changes happened during evolutionary … Continue reading

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Single and independent mutations lead to an adaptive and complex color phenotype in deer mice living on the light-colored soils of the Nebraska Sand Hills

Pleiotropy of genes is often the main solution to explain genetic basis of complex phenotypes (i.e., those composed of multiple traits). But dissection of those genes or loci are rarely studied, and it remains unclear which of single pleiotropic mutations or … Continue reading

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Genome-wide signatures of convergent evolution in echolocating mammals (Parker et al., 2013)

Phenotype convergence is a fascinating topic in evolution. Usually species evolve by divergence, starting from a common ancestor and then developing different genomic changes that lead to different phenotypes. which are then selected by the environment. Nevertheless, it has been … Continue reading

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